Generation of a Selectable Marker Free, Highly Expressed Single Copy Locus as Landing Pad for Transgene Stacking in Sugarcane

Themes: Feedstock Production

Keywords: Biomass Analytics, Genomics

Citation

Zhao, Y., Kim, J.Y., Karan, R., Jung, J.H., Pathak, B., Williamson, B., Kannan, B., Wang, D., Fan, C., Yu, W., Dong, S., Srivastava, V., Altpeter, F. March 27, 2019. “Generation of a Selectable Marker Free, Highly Expressed Single Copy Locus as Landing Pad for Transgene Stacking in Sugarcane.” Plant Molecular Biology 99-509:1-17. DOI: 10.1007/s11103-019-00856-4.

Overview

Vectors and strategies for improving transgene performance and site specific recombination.

Sugarcane, a tropical C4 grass in the genus Saccharum (Poaceae), accounts for nearly 80% of sugar produced worldwide and is also an important feedstock for biofuel production. Generating transgenic sugarcane with predictable and stable transgene expression is critical for crop improvement. In this study, we generated a highly expressed single copy locus as landing pad for transgene stacking. Transgenic sugarcane lines with stable integration of a single copy nptII expression cassette flanked by insulators supported higher transgene expression along with reduced line to line variation when compared to single copy events without insulators by NPTII ELISA analysis. Subsequently, the nptII selectable marker gene was efficiently excised from the sugarcane genome by the FLPe/FRT site-specific recombination system to create selectable marker free plants. This study provides valuable resources for future gene stacking using site-specific recombination or genome editing tools.

Data

Download (10.4KB) includes:

  • qPCR analyses of transgene copy numbers
  • NPTII expression levels