Remote Stereocontrol with Azaarenes via Enzymatic Hydrogen Atom Transfer

Themes: Conversion

Keywords: Catalysis


Li, M.Harrison, W.Zhang, Z.Yuan, Y.Zhao, H. Nov. 16, 2023. “Remote Stereocontrol with Azaarenes via Enzymatic Hydrogen Atom Transfer.” Nature Chemistry. DOI: 10.1038/s41557-023-01368-x.


The photoenzymatic process produces azaarenes with unique γ-stereocenters.

Strategies for achieving asymmetric catalysis with azaarenes have traditionally fallen short of accomplishing remote stereocontrol, which would greatly enhance accessibility to distinct azaarenes with remote chiral centres. The primary obstacle to achieving superior enantioselectivity for remote stereocontrol has been the inherent rigidity of the azaarene ring structure. Here we introduce an ene-reductase system capable of modulating the enantioselectivity of remote carbon-centred radicals on azaarenes through a mechanism of chiral hydrogen atom transfer. This photoenzymatic process effectively directs prochiral radical centres located more than six chemical bonds, or over 6 Å, from the nitrogen atom in azaarenes, thereby enabling the production of a broad array of azaarenes possessing a remote γ-stereocentre. Results from our integrated computational and experimental investigations underscore that the hydrogen bonding and steric effects of key amino acid residues are important for achieving such high stereoselectivities.


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