Stereoconvergent Reduction of Activated Alkenes by a Nicotinamide Free Synergistic Photobiocatalytic System
CABBI Theme: Conversion
Wang, Y., Huang, X., Hui, J., Vo, L.T., Zhao, H. July 24, 2020. “Stereoconvergent Reduction of Activated Alkenes by a Nicotinamide Free Synergistic Photobiocatalytic System.” ACS Catalysis. DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.0c02489.
There is a growing interest in developing cooperative chemoenzymatic reactions to harness the reactivity of chemical catalysts and the selectivity of enzymes for the synthesis of nonracemic chiral compounds. However, existing chemoenzymatic systems with more than one chemical reaction and one enzymatic reaction working cooperatively are rare. Moreover, the application of oxidoreductases in cooperative chemoenzymatic reactions is limited by the necessity of using expensive and unstable redox equivalents such as nicotinamide cofactors. Here, we report a light-driven cooperative chemoenzymatic system comprised of a photoinduced electron transfer reaction (PET) and a photosensitized energy transfer reaction (PEnT) with an enzymatic reduction in one-pot to synthesize chiral building blocks of bioactive compounds. As a proof of concept, ene-reductase was directly regenerated by PET in the absence of external cofactors. Meanwhile, enzymatic reduction worked cooperatively with photocatalyst-catalyzed energy transfer that continuously replenished the reactive isomer from the less reactive one. The whole system stereoconvergently reduced E/Z mixtures of alkenes to the enantiopure products. Additionally, enantioselective enzymatic reduction worked competitively with photocatalyst-catalyzed racemic background reaction and side reactions to channel the overall electron flow to the single enantiopure product. Such a light-driven cooperative chemoenzymatic system holds great potential for asymmetric synthesis using inexpensive petroleum or biomass-derived alkenes.
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- Table 1: Reaction development and condition optimization
- Table S1: Cofactor free, enzymatic reduction of (E)-1 or (Z)-1 with different photocatalysts and electron donors.
- Table S2: Enzymatic reduction of reactive isomers assisted by FAD-catalyzed SET and EDTA as electron donor under blue light.
- Table S3: Isomerization of less reactive isomers with Ir-16, FAD or both under blue light. a100 mM sodium phosphate buffer at pH 7.2 was used when using EDTA as electron donor. Other electron donors were dissolved in 10 mM CaCl2 with pH adjusted to 7.5
- Table S4: Enzymatic reduction with (E)-1 or (Z)-1 at different concentrations