Metabolic Engineering of the Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica PO1f for Production of Erythritol from Glycerol
CABBI Theme: Conversion
Keyword: Genome Engineering
Jagtap S.S., Bedekar, A.A., Singh V., Jin, Y.S., Rao, C.V. Sept. 25, 2021. “Metabolic Engineering of the Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica PO1f for Production of Erythritol from Glycerol.” Biotechnology for Biofuels 14,188. DOI: 10.1186/s13068-021-02039-0.
Yarrowia lipolytica was found natively to produce erythritol, mannitol, and arabitol during growth on glucose, fructose, mannose, and glycerol. Osmotic stress is known to increase sugar alcohol production, and was found to significantly increase erythritol production during growth on glycerol. To better understand erythritol production from glycerol, since it was the most promising sugar alcohol, we measured the expression of key genes and intracellular metabolites. Osmotic stress increased the expression of several key genes in the glycerol catabolic pathway and the pentose phosphate pathway. Analysis of intracellular metabolites revealed that amino acids, sugar alcohols, and polyamines are produced at higher levels in response to osmotic stress. Heterologous overexpression of the sugar alcohol phosphatase increased erythritol production and glycerol utilization in Y. lipolytica. We further increased erythritol production by increasing the expression of native glycerol kinase (GK), and transketolase (TKL). These data show the growth and titers produced.