Arabidopsis Plants Expressing Only the Redox-Regulated Rca-α Isoform Have Constrained Photosynthesis and Plant Growth
CABBI Theme: Feedstock Production
Keywords: Biomass Analytics, Phenomics
Kim, S.Y., Stessman, D.J., Wright, D.A., Spalding, M.H., Huber, S.C., Ort, D.R. June 27, 2020. “Arabidopsis plants expressing only the redox-regulated Rca-α isoform have constrained photosynthesis and plant growth.” Plant Journal. DOI: 10.1111/tpj.14897.
Rubisco activase (Rca) facilitates the release of sugar‐phosphate inhibitors from the active sites of Rubisco and thereby plays a central role in initiating and sustaining Rubisco activation. In Arabidopsis, alternative splicing of a single Rca gene results in two Rca isoforms, Rca‐α and Rca‐β. Redox modulation of Rca‐α regulates the function of Rca‐α and Rca‐β acting together to control Rubisco activation. Although Arabidopsis Rca‐α alone less effectively activates Rubisco in vitro , it is not known how CO2 assimilation and plant growth are impacted. Here, we show that two independent transgenic Arabidopsis lines expressing Rca‐α in the absence of Rca‐β (“Rca‐α only” lines) grew more slowly in various light conditions, especially under low light or fluctuating light intensity, and in a short day photoperiod compared to wildtype. Photosynthetic induction was slower in the Rca‐α only lines, and they maintained a lower rate of CO2 assimilation during both photoperiod types. Our findings suggest Rca oligomers composed of Rca‐α only are less effective in initiating and sustaining the activation of Rubisco than when Rca‐β is also present. Currently there are no examples of any plant species that naturally express Rca‐α only but numerous examples of species expressing Rca‐β only. That Rca‐α exists in most plant species, including many C3 and C4 food and bioenergy crops, implies its presence is adaptive under some circumstances.
Biomass weights for Rca-β and Rca-α
Flowering times for various light conditions
Rca-α expression for various light conditions
CO2 assimilation rates for various light conditions